Do you know what is the full form of DNA ? DNA, you must have heard this name somewhere. These words are mostly heard in films and news. It is mostly told in the news that this person’s DNA test will be done, it came out in its DNA test etc. You have heard this many times but do you know about it?
There will be curiosity in your mind to know what is DNA, what is the full form of DNA, what is its function, what is DNA test and cance, what is its significance etc. In today’s article, we are going to give you complete information about DNA so that you will be able to understand a lot about DNA.
Vance, if you have done the 11th and 12th class science stream, then a lot of DNA information is given in it, while graduating from the subject of biology, then the DNA full form is also given in detail. First of all, let us tell you that this is an ANSI structure that is found in all living cells, that is, DNA is found in all organisms. DNA is immortal and is transferred from generation to generation. So today I thought why should not you people also be provided with information about DNA Full Form. Then let’s start.
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What is DNA
The fibrous molecule found in the chromosomes of living cells is called DNA. DNA is shaped like a curved ladder and is found in every organism. DNA has genetic properties and DNA is essential for every living cell.
DNA was discovered by scientists James and Francis Crick in the year 1953 and he was awarded the Nobel Prize in the year 1962 for this discovery. DNA is a molecule in which the genetic codes of all organisms are present. DNA is found in all organisms ie humans, plants, bacteria, fauna, germs etc.
In our body, DNA is found in almost every cell except red blood cells. Every person receives 23 add DNA from their parents, one out of each add is obtained by the mother and one by the father. That is, the DNA of any human being is made up of a mixture of the DNA of its parents. This is the reason why many of the symptoms of parents are found in children such as a stature, skin color, hair color, eyes etc.
Full form of DNA
The full form of DNA is ‘Deoxyribonucleic Acid ‘ which is called ‘Deoxyribonucleic Acid’. DNA never dies, it is immortal because it is transferred from generation to generation.
There are about 3 billion bases in human DNA and 99.9 percent are the same in all humans, the rest 0.01 percent makes all humans different from each other. You will be surprised to know that there is 98 percent similarity between DNA of chimpanzees and humans.
D – Deoxyribo
N – Nucleic
A – Acid
The amazing thing is that if the DNA present in the human body is resolved, then it will be so long that it will reach 300 times from the sun and go back to the earth.
DNA occupies a space of 0.09 micrometers in each cell. In 1 gram DNA, 700 terabytes of information can be preserved and in 2 grams of DNA, the internet data of the whole world can be protected. DNA makes its own model so that every new cell can get DNA at the time of its cell division. Every day one thousand to one million DNA is destroyed by our body. The information of all the species of the world can be secured in one spoon of DNA.
Did you know that every day, between 1000 and 10 lakh DNA is produced and is destroyed in our war.
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What is DNA test and cance?
You must have heard most of the DNA test in movies and news but hardly know that DNA test is cancellous and why it happens. There are currently around 1200 types of DNA tests available in science. DNA is transferred from one generation to another. Each man’s genes have 46 chromosomes, of which 23 are from the father and 23 from the mother.
DNA is immortal. If a change is found in one’s DNA, it is called a mutation, because it is believed to have been caused by a chemical defect or due to the sun’s ultraviolet rays.
DNA has complete knowledge of genetic properties. With the help of DNA test, genetic diseases can be detected and it can be determined which disease you will have in the coming time. DNA can also ensure eye color, hair color, etc.
DNA test can be done in humans with the help of urine samples, hair, cells inside the cheeks, blood and skin etc. With the help of these samples, the accredited laboratories test the DNA and the test report is usually given within 10 to 20 days. These DNA testing laboratories charge from Rs 5,000 to Rs 50,000, depending on what type of testing you are doing because there are currently 1200 types of DNA tests available in science.
Who discovered DNA and when?
DNA was discovered by scientists James and Francis Crick in the year 1953 and he was also awarded the Nobel Prize in the year 1962 for this discovery.
Importance of DNA
DNA is very important in the field of medicine. After the discovery of DNA, it has been practiced in different ways and many new things have emerged. Presently, the importance of DNA in the medical field, in the field of agriculture, in legal investigation, forensic investigations, etc., has started. DNA has proved to be very helpful in solving many crimes.
DNA testing can be done to determine who is the father of a child or whether there is any relation with the person concerned, brother, sister, aunt etc. DNA test is also used in agriculture for greater immunity and identification of good breeding organisms. At the same time, with the help of DNA test, efforts are made to identify genetic diseases in the medical field and prevent them for the next generation.
what did you learn today
I hope you have liked this article, what is the full form of DNA . It has always been my endeavor to provide information about the full name of DNA to the readers, so that they do not have to search in any other sites or internet in the context of that article.
This will also save their time and they will also get all the information in one place. If you have any doubts about this article or you want that there should be some improvement in it, then for this you can write low comments.